ABSTRACT:
I posit that all of nature is a
binary, holographic reality consisting of fractal probabilities at the quantum level that are directly affected through
active observation (not
conscious observation) by the existence of a
probability tree, unique to everything in the universe, set in motion at the moment of each system’s creation and effected by a
probability cascade that has been on-going since the beginning of time.
To begin with, I’d ask the reader to be patient as to the definitions of some of the terms I’m using that are unique to this argument. I will define them as they come up as they would otherwise make no sense out of the context in which I am using them. I will note them by leaving them in italics.
DETAILS:
Before discussing the nature of reality, first one must lay the groundwork for discussing how we perceive reality, and why we perceive it the way we do. Reality is not a separate, distinct system that acts independent of the observer; rather, the observer is required for the system to exist because both the observer, and the system, are infinitely intertwined part of the same fundamental layer of reality that forms the very fabric of the universe.
This is
not in violation of the laws of causality as I am not speaking about
conscious observation, which is a misinterpretation of the
observer effect due to a poor understanding of the quantum wave function ψ and the quantum measurement process, according to Wikipedia. This will be clarified momentarily.
First, to define the
probability tree. I struggled for a long time with this concept before wrestling it to print, but it essentially amounts to all the possibilities a system will ever face in its life, known and unknown. Whether, in the case of humans, they act on them or not is immaterial; the
probability chain is the simply the realization of those possibilities into reality, or more simply, the chain of events that a system has already experienced.
To envision the
probability tree, imagine yourself standing on a black surface, not unlike Tron in the scene with the bikes. As you’re standing there, a blue line appears at your feet, and extends out a meter or two, then splits into a fork. Each line extends a bit more and forks again, and then again, and again. Over and over. Trillions of forks. Quadrillions.
Each fork is a
binary node, a yes/no—there is nothing needed other than did the system do x, or didn’t it? Each choice, no matter how trivial, even choices we had no conscious knowledge of but that still interacted with our
probability tree, is there, laid out in blue lines.
Here comes a fun part. Say you kneel down and peer closer at the blue line, at the first fork. As you get closer, you suddenly realize that the line before the fork itself was part of a fork, and the closer you get to the line, the more forks you see, and there’s no end to how much you can “zoom in,” because according to the Banach-Tarski Paradox:
Given any two bounded subsets A and B of an Euclidean space in at least three dimensions, both of which have a nonempty interior, there are partitions of A and B into a finite number of disjoint subsets, A = A1 ∪ ... ∪ Ak, B = B1 ∪ ... ∪ Bk (for integral k), such that for each (integral) i between 1 and k, the sets Ai and Bi are congruent. You can continue to zoom in to infinity, and it will continue to have more branches. However, that’s not the point. The point is, everyone has one of these
probability trees because any energetic system that touches the fourth dimension of space/time generates a cascade of probabilities as it “enters” reality, and these trees can touch, and often do. When these
probability trees align, or “sync,” (which is probably a more accurate term as you will see momentarily), they generate positively, and when they are out of sync, they subtract negatively. The terms
positive and
negative aren’t used in an ordinary sense, nor in reference to people in a metaphysical one. Rather, this refers simply to two ends of a
spectrum, a hallmark of the
binary nature of the universe which I will explain momentarily.
Moving forward or backwards, for the purposes of this description is the
z-axis, i.e., that of
time. Since time always moves linearly and in one direction, the
probability chain cannot be turned back into potentials, it has already been made into solid reality by act of the system progressing along the
z-axis.
Moreover, each
binary node occurs at a zero space-time interval so these branches would happen every possible moment, and each possible moment in infinite time would have a binary node, as illustrated by the Banach-Tarski Paradox. Since the propagation of electromagnetic energy is considered a zero space-time interval, that means each binary node occurs instantly, every single day, forever, or at least, until the end of the universe.
In spacetime, the separation between
two events is measured by the invariant interval
between the
two events, which takes into account not only the spatial separation
between the events, but also their temporal separation. The interval,
s^{2},
between two events is defined as:
s^{2} = Δr
^{2} --
c^{2} Δ
t^{2} Now, as a system goes down along the
z-axis of these branches, or paths of the
probability tree, (leaving behind it the
probability chain), branches lateral to your current position along the x coordinate turn red (purely a visual conceit to illustrate the point) because the system is cut off from those branches as it is impossible to revert to earlier
binary nodes because time-flow is uni-directional. In the case of human beings, we can passively perceive those other branches, i.e., we can speculate about them with a fairly accurate conclusion because we are self-aware, something else that seems to be rather unique.
So, this
passive observation refers only to the ability to speculate about the potential outcomes of branches we are cut off from as human beings.
Active observation, on the other hand, refers simply to the self-awareness, the consciousness of reality—we know it because it exists. This is not
conscious observation as used in the
observer effect mentioned earlier as that requires not only
active observation, but
conscious volition to measure a system.
Thus, a system can be aware of the other branches of potential that went unrealized, but this doesn’t cut off the branches forever because we as human beings have
volition, so we can steer some circumstances through choice.
Basically, the
probability tree, therefore, is a matrix of chance, circumstance, and choice as it meets reality, and it is a unique fingerprint because of the second law of thermodynamics applied in a unique fashion: Every single particle contained within reality will never be at the exact same location as it was when the system was created.
This is
not some cosmologic astrology, but rather a defining moment of the variables for a given system. In other words, every possible potential that
could happen is
imprinted, for want of a better term, on the surface of the
probability tree of the system. Granted, the probability that you will have anything to do in your daily life with star fourteen billion light years away is very remote, but the possibility would still be there in the
probability tree.
This is a sort of
butterfly effect taken to the nth-degree, based on actual mathematical probabilities.
But from the moment that system is created, its
probability tree is influenced by everything in that tree that touches reality, no matter how small the effect. Every system in creation has this
probability tree, and each tree grows in the Pattern (with a capital P) of the universe. The trees aren’t part of the Pattern itself, but rather, a component that helps to generate the Pattern. I posit that you cannot have one without the other—the Pattern, indeed, the universe itself, could not exist if there was no system to
actively observe it.
This is because at the beginning of the universe, a
probability cascade occurred—the universe itself has its own
probability tree that we are all a part of, and so if the variables were fixed at the moment of our creation as a system (i.e., conception) that means that we are part of the universe’s
probability tree and exist on its timeline just as other systems can exist within our own
probability tree in either harmony or interference, and positive or negative (that is, additive or subtractive). You can’t simply pull a single tree out because that in turn has a cascade effect on the
probability trees of everything else in the universe, no matter how small that effect may be. We are, for all intents and purposes, swept up in the
probability tree of the universe in a cascade-like effect. The birth of the star lead to the birth of the planet lead to the birth of people lead to the birth of my parents lead to the birth of me. Pull one thing out, and the whole system collapses along the z-axis.
The universe, therefore, is all one gigantic fractal, just like the
probability trees themselves are fractal in nature. Contained within that fractal are infinite variations that repeat in infinitely new variations, over and over. This was proven conclusively by Benoit Mandelbrot and his fractal mathematics, which proved that nature re-uses and recycles patterns. Fractals have been found in everything from trees to mountains to the way rivers, planets and even galaxies form. Even Higgs-Boson condensates obey the mathematics of fractals. It is no coincidence that the orbits of electrons resemble a solar system. What I’ve always wondered is, why? Nature must have a reason for using these same patterns over and over.
The only possible reason I can deduce is that it has to do with being the most efficient forms for energy-transfer, a sort of Darwinian evolution of cosmological scale—nature uses only that which gets the job done fastest with the least amount of energy expended. This
energy-transference is important and tangent to this theory for several reasons, not the least of which is the fact that
all matter in existence demonstrates wave-like properties on the subatomic scale.
In other words, everything is a wave-form, and everything is in the process of transferring energy of one form or another, to something else, either through conscious volition as in our case, or through the abstract laws of thermodynamics and entropy. The matter-wave nature of all particles in creation is well-documented
here.
The only other thing I want to mention briefly (as I’m unsure how it would work—haven’t had a chance to examine this possibility) is the
y coordinate. I wonder if the higher one rises along the
y coordinate in that system illustration above, the more one presses into reality? I know some scientists think that this is how all the particles are the same basic seven types (see
here for an explanation on
subquantum kinetics).
Now, here is why I think “sync” was a better term for talking about how one system’s
probability tree can interact with that of another system’s. One night, I sat wondering why music is always displayed as a sine wave. So, I started Googling. I found a lengthy trigonometric explanation
here as to why pure tones are always reduced to a sine wave on oscilloscopes, never a saw tooth or square wave or anything else. Just…a sine wave. The line that got to me, though, on that site?
“A sine wave, ultimately, is a circle expressed in time.”
That blew me away because I could visualize perfectly what they meant. Time is infinite. The Law of Conservation of Energy is
constant. And since time itself is fractal that means that a sine wave, regardless of source, will radiate forever in a vacuum, due to the second postulate of special relativity.
Interestingly, even though a sine wave is a circle expressed in time, therefore, that time would be a zero space-time interval according to those same principles of special relativity. Thus, electromagnetic waves are the observable evidence of the un-visible zero space-time interval.
Additionally, I want to mention Bohmian mechanics as worked out initially by Louis de Broglie in 1927 and again, separately, by David Bohm in 1952. Bohm’s name comes up again, too, later on, interestingly enough. The wave function in this framework is governed by the Schrodinger equation:
Additionally, every particle contains a real-world location, even when it’s not being observed. Changes in the positions of the particles are given by another equation, known as the “pilot wave” equation, or “guiding equation.” The theory is fully deterministic; if you know the initial state of a system, and you’ve got the wave function, you can calculate where each particle will end up. This is found in an article,
here. This, I feel, is indicative of the
probability chain I mentioned earlier, and that means there is an equation out there that hasn’t been discovered yet, but that would allow to regress the particles of the entire universe back if you know the wave function, and be able to essentially peer backwards in time.
Of course, it would probably take a planet-sized computer a million years to do so, and we probably wouldn’t like the answer...
42. lol
Kidding aside, I thought this was interesting, if indirect, proof I was on to something. Hold onto those two thoughts for a moment, because I need to finish one more before concluding the next point, and you’ll see why in a few paragraphs.
Now, here is something else I found in my midnight ramblings:
Well, sine wave is special, being a solution of F=-kx. It is produced by a simple harmonic oscillator, which can be basically anything that obeys F=-kx law. A lot of non-linear real-world systems are approximated quite well by linear F=-kx law for sufficiently small values of x. So as long as there is a force opposing the displacement and the dissipation is sufficiently small, the system will be capable of oscillating and the smaller the displacement the closer it is going to be to sine wave. To produce square, triangular or saw-tooth wave you would need rather special non-linear process. This can happen but it would be rare. A geyser would be an example of such system, I guess the pressure inside would look like a saw-tooth. Reference:
https://www.physicsforums.com/threads/do-square-sawtooth-and-triangular-waves-exist-in-nature.521968/ Additionally, someone else chimed in with this interesting observation:
A Square wave is just a superposition of a whole lot of high frequency sin waves and a few lower frequency ones for the basic shape. There is not much before humans came along that could produce so many high frequency waves, but humans invented mechanical units that produce square waves and so now they exist in nature, since we are part of nature. Same goes for any other sort of wave, ones that require very specific high frequency interference to produce hard edges usually being the product of intelligent design. Reference:
https://www.physicsforums.com/threads/do-square-sawtooth-and-triangular-waves-exist-in-nature.521968/ Okay, so the reason I wanted you to hold those other two thoughts, plus these last two excerpts is because there’s a theme, here. The sine wave. I infer several things from this:
1. The sine wave is the basic building block of the universe;
2. The sine wave is the most efficient method of energy transfer; and
3. The sine wave is the most common form of fractal pattern throughout the entire universe.
All three of these are proven by the
binary, fractal nature of the universe, and that fractal is a sine wave.
That is the beating heart of the Pattern. Sine waves can be used to plot
anything, especially two points on a spectrum, which reveals the binary nature of the universe.
Again, we see the
x, y, and
z coordinates laid out the way they were in the
probability tree, where
z is time. The sine wave, thus, exists in all four dimensions. Sine waves have an inherent “up” and “down,” or “positive” and “negative,” to them; this is an intrinsic quality of the
binary universe. Two points and a line, two points and a spectrum, in the case of the Banach-Tarski Paradox.
Thus, the sine wave is the absolute base element of the universe. Everything can be plotted along a sine wave. There is nothing you can name that cannot. The sine wave is the basic building block of the universe, not in physical, tangible reality, but in the Pattern of reality.
The
binary nature of the universe hints at the
fractal nature, too, as having a fractal universe requires you have two numbers to divide, which is what
binary is. I guess the Taoists were right, huh?
Now, we exist in an Einsteinian universe of causality, and nothing of the above violates that. Since the universe is, mathematically, one giant moebius loop, that means time is as well. And Heisenberg gave us further proof of this
binary, fractal nature of reality:
…where
h with the line is the reduced Planck constant,
h/(2). So, as we know, the Uncertainty Principle above tells us that an observer of a system can never know both the exact position
and the velocity of a particle in that system. Moveover, it states that the closer one comes to exact certitude about the position of the particle, the less certain the velocity can be calculated, and vice-versa.
Per Wikipedia:
It has since become clearer, however, that the Uncertainty Principle is inherent in the properties of all wave-like systems, and that it arises in quantum mechanics simply due to the matter wave nature of all quantum objects. If this were to be plotted out on a sine wave, for instance, you would have the median line, where an observer knows a rough approximation of both the exact position and the velocity, and as one or the other variable is sought with greater exactitude, the certainty of the
unsought variable moves away. Oscillate this over time, and voila, a sine wave. Everything can be plotted on a sine wave.
Now, I’ll admit, this is where I’m a bit unsure of the math, as the
observer effect states that the mere act of observing a system changes it, but this is only true at the quantum level where
observe has a different meaning than in classical physics. However, since sine waves are fractal in nature, and since of all of nature is fractal, we should be able to observe repeating patterns at varying distances.
Now, strangely, this seemingly-random nature of patterns appearing out of the chaos ends at about 350 million light years out. I posit that this is a constant, and that this is where a new fractal pattern supercedes it on a far larger scale. The only way to see beyond it would be to remove ourselves from it--a sort of, can't see the forest from the trees. It's strikingly similar to how the Planck constant operates in which we cannot observe below a certain depth, or resolution. In other words, once we zoom so far in, it becomes a quantum froth reduced to mere probabilities.
Is this the equivalent of being able to see an atom, but not much farther because the photons of light are too "large" for the objects being examined? Is something similar happening on a larger scale, macroscopically? I believe so, if for no other reason than because:
1. Nature re-uses patterns, over and over, often in infinite variations.
2. All of nature is a fractal pattern, binary in nature.
3. The brain is a hologram.
4. All of reality has the hallmarks of a hologram.
I do not take the
observer effect to mean conscious observation, but rather,
active observation as defined above. This implies that the probabilities that were resolved in the past going back to the beginning of time have a direct bearing upon the all the probabilities that will ever occur in this universe. This is illustrated by the Schrodinger’s Cat Paradox—is it alive, or is it dead? The only way to find out is to open the box, but by opening the box, you’re subjecting the cat to one of two fates. Before the box is opened, the cat existed in a state of quantum flux, with both possibilities existing side by side as
potentials.
The part where
active observation comes into play is that the cat exists only in a state of quantum flux because there was a conscious decision made by someone to put the cat in the box. That decision already affected the outcome. It unravels the farther back you go—that cat was going into that box at that moment, and this was set in stone at the very moment of the creation of the universe because it’s a part of the universe’s
probability tree, a part of that fractal reality.
This
probability cascade cannot be perceived in any way directly, but it
is perceivable through
active observation—we know the universe is as old as it is because there are fossil records, etc. Time moves only forward, however, no matter how big the loop may be, so we are trapped in the sine wave forever. This
seems to suggest that time is a fixed medium, and that all the probabilities would have already been decided based on the law of causality because of the probabilities that already were resolved since the beginning of time.
This further suggests that reality itself is a sort of holographic record because just as holograms are laid on film by the interference patterns generated by lasers, which creates meaningless swirls on the film until a laser is shone across it, so, too, is reality like a film that records the interference patterns of the sine waves that are all over nature. Thus, all of reality is nothing but a holographic recording.
In 1982, Alain Aspect conducted a series of experiments in Paris, France, and discovered under certain circumstances, subatomic particles are able to instantly “communicate” with each other, regardless of the distance involved. This has huge implications to physics, not the least of which is that this seemingly violates Einsteinian physics and causality.
That same David Bohm who came up with the Bohmian Mechanics framework mentioned earlier, expanded upon Aspect’s work, and he created holograms across different mediums, or “films,” using lasers. The film takes on meaningless swirls and when laser light hits it, the hologram appears.
Here is the key part of his work, though: He discovered that when you halved the film, the entire image
still showed up as a hologram. If you halved the first half, and shone a laser on it, the
entire hologram still showed up. In fact, he continued cutting up film smaller and smaller, and each time, the complete image showed up, albeit, smaller and smaller in proportion to the size of the film. Per an excellent article found
here:
Unlike normal photographs, every part of a hologram contains all the information possessed by the whole. The "whole in every part" nature of a hologram provides us with an entirely new way of understanding organization and order. For most of its history, Western science has labored under the bias that the best way to understand a physical phenomenon, whether a frog or an atom, is to dissect it and study its respective parts. He concluded that the only way that particles could stay in contact across vast distances is if the separateness of the particles were an illusion, and at some deeper level, they are all extensions of the same fundamental
something, not unlike a hologram.
Nor was he the first to discover this. Karl Lashely, in the 1920s, conducted a series of experiments designed to discover the nature of how the brain stores memories. He trained rats to run a maze, and then excised different portions of their brains, and made a very strange discovery: No matter which port of the brain he removed, the rats were still able to run the maze.
Based on this, Stanford Neurophysiobiologist Karl Pribram believes that memories are encoded, not in the neurons or neuron-bundles, but in the nerve impulses that crisscross the entire brain in the same way that the patterns of laser light interference crisscross across the surface of a piece of film containing a hologram.
In other words, the brain is an optical storage device, only the “light” are the nerve impulses.
Moreover, the Banach-Tarski Paradox itself hints at this holographic nature of reality as it describes points on the surface of a sphere, not unlike the swirls of laser interference patterns that crisscross our brains as we store memories. Stranger still, this paradox shows that, mathematically, at least, you can always generate more from an infinite system. The math holds true.
I don’t know what conclusions to draw from this, but I know which ones I want to draw from this. This seems to suggest that life and death are not final by any means—that energy still keeps going.
Human consciousness, I believe, is unique because we seem to be able to span the distance between the poles of the binary universe’s inherent nature. I don’t believe reality would really exist in a meaningful form without someone there to consciously observe it because the nature of reality and the nature of human consciousness is so intertwined.
Or am I attempting to dissect the universe holographically, and instead of finding the constituent parts, I’m finding smaller and smaller versions of the whole? Nature destroys nothing, and clearly reuses and recycles all things, including probability patterns, which are nothing more than holograms. It would be inefficient a waste for us to develop consciousness to no end.
Mathematics is the language of God—I find it inconceivable that a universe with such mathematical precision and unfathomably complex fractal qualities could be the result of random chance and circumstance. If we are to find the answers, it will be mathematicians who find them. 2+2=4 is as true today as it was at the dawn of the dinosaurs—mathematics are the
only constant in a constantly changing universe.
It’s yet another hallmark of the binary universe we live in—in physics, scientists balance equations to arrive at a conceptual understanding of abstract concepts, and if the equation doesn’t balance out on both sides of the equal sign, it’s wrong. If the answer comes back infinity, it’s wrong.
Everything has an answer. Or is it just another irony of life that as we die, and approach the event horizon of that singularity, time flows
backwards and we see our lives flash before our eyes? Or do we simply “de-rez” as the hologram of our brains dies? Yet, that
probability chain is still there.
Just an interesting aside along this topic about this, from the department of For What It's Worth...
https://youtu.be/UjGPHF5A6Po